Ludwig Lewysohn Bios – לודוויג לוויזון



Ludwig Lewysohn Bios – לודוויג לוויזון

Ludwig Lewysohn Bios – לודוויג לוויזון 1140 1350 rhecht

From Encyclopedia.com https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lewysohn-yehudi-leib-ludwig

LEWYSOHN, YEHUDI LEIB LUDWIG (1819–1901), rabbi and scholar. Lewysohn, who was born in Schwerzenz (Swarzec), Poznania, taught at Frankfurt on the Oder (1848–51) and served as rabbi and preacher in Worms (1851–59) and rabbi in Stockholm (1859–83). He was a regular contributor to the Hebrew press, particularly Ha-Maggid, and also wrote on Jewish subjects in German, English, French, and Swedish. Lewysohn’s most important book, Zoologie des Talmuds (1858), was the first scientific attempt by a Jewish scholar to collate all talmudic and midrashic references to animal life. He published many addenda to this work, some in Hebrew periodicals and anthologies including Gan Peraḥim, 3 (1891); Nerha-Ma’aravi, 1, pts. 1 and 3 (1895); Kadimah, 1 (1899); Oẓar ha-Ḥokhmah ve-ha-Madda, 2 (1854); Ha-Miẓpeh; Oẓar ha-Sifrut (1887–1902); and G.A. Kohut (ed.), Semitic Studies in Memory of Rev. Dr. Alexander Kohut (1897). Lewysohn also published a book of epitaphs from the Jewish cemetery of Worms, Naf-shot Ẓaddikim (Ger., 1855); sermon collections in German and Swedish; and textbooks.

bibliography:
M. Reines, Dor va-Ḥakhamav (1890), 123–32; K. Wilhelm, in: hj, 15 (1953), 49–58.

[Getzel Kressel]

From Jewish Virtual Library https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/lewysohn-yehudi-leib-ludwig

LEWYSOHN, YEHUDI LEIB LUDWIG (1819–1901), rabbi and scholar. Lewysohn, who was born in Schwerzenz (Swarzec), Poznania, taught at Frankfurt on the Oder (1848–51) and served as rabbi and preacher in Worms (1851–59) and rabbi in Stockholm (1859–83). He was a regular contributor to the Hebrew press, particularly Ha-Maggid, and also wrote on Jewish subjects in German, English, French, and Swedish. Lewysohn’s most important book, Zoologie des Talmuds (1858), was the first scientific attempt by a Jewish scholar to collate all talmudic and midrashic references to animal life. He published many addenda to this work, some in Hebrew periodicals and anthologies including Gan Peraḥim, 3 (1891); Nerha-Ma’aravi, 1, pts. 1 and 3 (1895); Kadimah, 1 (1899); Oẓar ha-Ḥokhmah ve-ha-Madda, 2 (1854); Ha-Miẓpeh; Oẓar ha-Sifrut (1887–1902); and G.A. Kohut (ed.), Semitic Studies in Memory of Rev. Dr. Alexander Kohut (1897). Lewysohn also published a book of epitaphs from the Jewish cemetery of Worms, Naf-shot Ẓaddikim (Ger., 1855); sermon collections in German and Swedish; and textbooks.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
M. Reines, Dor va-Ḥakhamav (1890), 123–32; K. Wilhelm, in: HJ, 15 (1953), 49–58.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2007 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.


From Runeberg.org https://runeberg.org/authors/lewyslud.html

Biography

by Michael R. Warburg

Yehuda Leib Ludwig Lewysohn (1819-1901) was born on April 15, 1819, in Schwersenz (Swarzeds osnania (Prussia). His father was Rabbi Joseph and mother Gitel Henriette Wiener. Their youngest son Yehudah, Leib, Ludwig studied since he reached the age of 13 yrs old under Rabbi Feibel Fraenkel and later under Rabbi Raphael Benzion and Rabbi Eliah Gutmacher, Rabbi Menachem Oierbach and Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Zukerman. In 1842 (when LL was 23 years old) went to Breslau and entered the Catholic Gymnasium. In 1843 went to Berlin for Matriculation in the ‘Realgymnasium’ Berlin. Later studied at Halle University oriental languages (Hebrew, Arabic, Greek and Latin) and philosophy. His Ph.D. dissertation was written in Latin: “De sacrificiis veteris testamenti” (i.e. on the sacrifices in the old testament later published as a book: “Die Opfer des alten Testaments. Beitrag zum Studien der Biblischen Archaologie Bamberg 1867). He received his Ph.D. on November 30, 1847.

In 1848 he was nominated as preacher in Frankfurt/Oder (1848-1851). He passsed his examination with excellence receiving the right to teach: ‘facultas pro schola’. In 1851 he married Roasalia Zendig, daughter of Rabbi Yehezkeel Zendig. In 1851 became the Rabbi of Worms, a position he held until 1858. His wife died in 1852. In 1854 he married Phillipine Baer (daughter of the publisher Joseph Baer) from Frankfurt/Main.

In 1858 he received two offers for positions: 1. as Rabbi of Baltimore and 2. as Rabbi in Stockholm. He chose Stockholm and became chief Rabbi of Sweden in 1859. The reason why LL prefered Sweden was that he had already 4 children and did not wish to leave Europe. He retired on May 1st, 1883 at the age of 64. Nothing is known of his activities after his retirement in 1883 till his death in Stockholm on March 26, 1901.

LL arrived in Stockholm on August 1858 and preached on a Sabbath sermon in the old synagogue Tyska Brunn (The German Well) in Gamla Stan (the old town). Later, he officiated in the New Synagogue at Wahrendorffsgatan which was inaugurated in 1870.

He became a Swedish citizen in 1873 (Royal resolution September 16, 1873).

The daughter from his 1st wife: Natalie (February 10, 1852, Worms). From his 2nd wife: Johanna (December 5, 1854, Worms, unmarried, died on June 21, 1916, Stockholm), Felix (May 31, 1856, Worms, died on September 12, 1864), Otto (September 2, 1857, Worms, unmarried, died May 9, 1907 in Stockholm), Ottilie (November 1, 1859 in Stockholm, unmarried, died on March 18, 1917 in Stockholm), Emma (September 30, 1861 in Stockholm, unmarried, died on April 20, 1881 in Stockholm), Bettina (April 18, 1863 in Stockholm, unmarried, died May 29, 1903 in Stockholm).

After being two years in Sweden, he knew already enough Swedish to preach in that language. After 5 years he published his book of preaching (“Aseifat Drashot”) which included numerous (1815!) sermons or ‘Drashot’.

He was fluent in German, Swedish, Hebrew, Greek, Latin, English and French. He published 30 books and numerous articles mainly in German, Swedish and Hebrew.

Lewysohn’s most important book was: Die Zoologie des Talmuds, 1858 (dedicated to his brothers Abraham and Salomon), the first scientific attempt by a Jewish scholar to collate all Talmudic and Midrashic references to animal life.

Lewysohn also published a book on epitaphs from the old Medieval Jewish cemetery in Worms: Sechzig Epitaphien von Grabsteine des Israelitischen Friedhofs zu Worms regressiv bis zum Jahre 905 (Frankfurt/Main 1855) known also as NAFSHOT ZADDIKIM, 1855 Joseph Baer, Frankfurt (dedicated to his parents Joseph Lewysohn and Henriette Wiener Lewysohn).

Some publications are in Hebrew periodicals and anthologies including: GAN PRAHIM (1891), “NER HAMAARAVI (1895) KADIMAH (1899) OZAR HAKHOKHMA VE HAMADA (1854) HA-MIZPEH, OZAR HASAFRUT 1887-1902, and KOHUT: Semitic Studies in Memory of Rev. Dr. Alexander Kohut 1897.

He was a regular contributor to the Hebrew Press, particularly HA-MAGGID but also HATSOFE, HAMEVASER, HAIVRI, ZION, LEV IVRI, NOGA YAREACH, SHEM VEYEFET, HAASIF, OTSAR HASIFRUT VEHACHOCHMA, OR HATORA, YERUSHALYIM. He also wrote on Jewish subjects in German journals: Z.v.Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums, Judisches Literatur Blatt, Literatur Blatt des Orients, and in French, English, and Swedish journals. He contributed also to the Swedish encyclopedia Nordisk familjebok. Konversationslexikon och Realenyclopedi, 1st ed. (using the signature L.L.).

Links

Works

Lectures

  • Lewysohn, L. 1856. Religions Vortrag meiner Confirmanden bei der Confirmationsfeier. 35 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1859. Warum trauert das Vaterland? eine Predigt gehalten bei der Trauergottesdienste am 14 August 1859 wegen Ablebens Sr. Maj. des hochheiligen Konigs Oscar I. gesegenten Andenkens. 14 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1864. Foredrag, hallet i Stockholm synagoga pa 50: arsdragen af Sveriges och Norges forening den 4 November 1864. 10 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1865. Farval!
  • Lewysohn, L. 1866. Dig folja mangas karlek och tacksamhet
  • Lewysohn, L. 1879. Foredag, hallet i Stockholm synagoga sondagen den 4 maj 1879. 11 pp.

Religious publications (Drashot, Tfilot)

  • Lewysohn, L. 1852. Gottesdintlicher Vortrag gehalten am hohen Gebutsfeste Sr. Kon. Hoheit Ludwig III., Grossherzogs von Hessen und den Rhein den 9ten Juni 1852 in der Synagoge Worms und auf Verlangen herausgeben. 13 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1864. Predikan, hallen i Stopckholm synagoga pa 50: de arsdagen af Sveriges och Norges forening. 10 pp.
  • Lewisohn, L. 1864. Sabbat- och fest- predikningar halle i Stockholms synagoga. 21 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1870. Predikan, hallen vid invigningen af den nya synagogan i Stockholm 16 September 1870. 19 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1895. Liktal vid fru Regina Lamm’s jordfastning i Stockholm den 17 Juni 1895. 4 pp.

Obituaries & Memorial lectures

  • Lewysohn, L. 1856. Die Heimkehr:, Trauerrede gehalten am Grabe des selig verstorbenen Dr. Jacob Abraham Adler, Weiland isr, Predigers zu Worms am 8 Januar 1856. 8 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1859. Trauerrede gehalten am Beisetzungstage der seligen Frau Hanna Marcus, geb. Hirsch. 9 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1859. Ein Wurdiges lebensbild. Das Leben geliehen. Trauerrede gehalten am Grabe der seligen Frau Bernhardina Davidson: (gestorben den 23-ten October 1859). 8 pp
  • Lewysohn, L. 1861. Ihr Andenken zum Segen. Trauerrede, gehalten an der Bahre der Frau Betty Salomonsson geb. Hirsch, am 7 Januar 1861. 7 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1863. Ein wurdiges Lebensbild.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1863. Traurrede gehalten an des Bahre des selig verstorbenen Herrn Axel Israel Salomonson aus am 20 Februar 1863. 7 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1863. Minnestal hallet vid herr Wilhelm Davidson’s oppna.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1865. Minnestal vid Albert Jakobsson’s jordfastning i Stockholm den 17 Oktober 1865. 7 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1865. Minnesord, talade vid grosshandlaren Siegmund Friedlander’s graf, den 12 Juli 1865. 7 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1866. Dig folja mangas karlek och tacksamhet, minnesord vid fru Henriette Samson’s, fodd Bendix, jordfastning i Stockholm demn 15 Mars 1866. 7 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1867. Minnestal vid hof-och akademi-bokhandlaren Adolf Bonnier’s jordfastning i Stockholmden 2 April 1867. 10 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1867. Ligtale ved Rektor og Sekretaer Lipman Lipmanson’s Jordfaesfete I Stockholm den 4de Oktober 1867. vol.1. 9 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1868. Minnestal vid Samuel Nachman’s jordfastning i Stockholm den 20 September 1868. 7 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1872. Jorden en forgard till himmeln. Minnestal vid Dr. Martin Schuck’s jordefastning i Stockholm 9 Januari 1872. 10 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1874. Skiljde harnedan, men forenade derofvan. Minnestal talade vid fru Gelle Adelaide Marcus, fodd Jakobsson, jordfastning, den 7 Maj 1874. 8 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1874. Die sjalstyrka i lifvets profningar. Minnesord talade vid fru Sophie Bonnier’s, fodd Hirsch, jordfastning den 14 April 1874. 8 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1877. Lycklig har nedan, lycksalig der ofvan.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1877. Minnestal vid fru Emelie Marcus, fodd Benecke, jordfastning i Stockholm den 2 Maj 1877. 8 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1882. Minnestal hallet vid herr Wilhelm Rubensons oppna graf, den 28 Mars 1882. 8 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1882. Minnesord talade vid herr Aron Marcus jordfastning den 7 Febr. 1882. 6 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1895. Liktal vid fru Regina Lamm’s jordfatning i Stockholm

Papers

  • 1899. Toldot Baaley Haim Tosafot. Kadima. 233-5; 283-5.

Books

  • Lewysohn, L. 1855. Nefashot tsadikim: Sachzig Epitaphien von Grabsteinen des israelitischen Friedhofes zu Worms. Frankfurt am Main, 116 pp. Joseph Baer, Frankfurt/Main
  • Lewysohn, L. 1858. Die Zoologie des Talmuds: eine umfassende Darstellung der rabbinischen Zoologie, unter steter Vergleichung der Forschungen alterer und neurere Schriftsteller Frankfurt a. M. 400 pp
  • Lewysohn, L. 1864. Sabbat- och fest- predikningar hallna i Stockholm synagoga. 160 s
  • Wolff, A.A. & Lewysohn, L. 1881. Torat Yisrael: Larobok i israelitischen religionen. 126 pp.
  • Lewysohn, L. 1867. Die Opfer des Alten Testaments: ein Beitrag zum Studium der biblischen Archaologie. Bamberg, 204 pp.

Wikipedia English: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Lewysohn

Ludwig Lewysohn (15 April 1819, in Schwersenz, Posen – 26 May 1901, in Stockholm), was a German rabbi. Graduating from the Realgymnasium, Berlin, in 1843, he studied Orientalia in that city, and received his doctorate from the University of Halle in 1847, his dissertation being “De Sacrificiis Veteris Testamenti.” In 1848 he became preacher at Frankfort-on-the-Oder. Three years later he was called as rabbi to Worms, where he officiated until 1858. He then accepted a call to Stockholm, where he labored from 1859 to 1893, in which year he resigned. Besides numerous contributions to Jewish periodicals (especially “Ha-Maggid”), he published “Nafshot Ẓaddiḳim” (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1855), on the epitaphs at Worms, and “Die Zoologie des Talmuds” (ib. 1858).

References
Reines, Tableaux Historiques, i. 123 et seq
William Zeitlin, Bibliotheca Hebraica Post-Mendelssohniana i. 209.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)


Wikipedia German: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Lewysohn

Ludwig Lewysohn (* 15. April 1819 in Schwersenz[1], Kreis Posen, Königreich Preußen; † 26. März 1901 in Stockholm[2]) war ein deutscher Rabbiner und Historiker.

Herkunft und Ausbildung
Ludwig Lewysohn wurde in Schwersenz in der Provinz Posen in Preußen geboren. Nach einer Ausbildung bei verschiedenen Rabbinern holte er 1842 an einem Gymnasium in Breslau das Abitur nach, was ihm den Universitätsbesuch ermöglichte. Er studierte an der Universität Halle, wo er 1847 mit der Arbeit „Über das Opfer im Alten Testament“ zum Doktor der Philosophie promovierte.

Berufliche Tätigkeit
1848 wählte ihn die jüdische Gemeinde in Frankfurt an der Oder zum Rabbiner, 1851 berief ihn die jüdische Gemeinde Worms zum Prediger.[3] Der Wechsel nach Worms zum 1. Oktober 1851 brachte ihn mitten in eine schwierige Situation: Von 1824 bis 1864 war der konservative Jakob (Koppel) Bamberger als Rabbiner in der Gemeinde tätig und bildete das Zentrum von deren konservativem Flügel.[4] In der Gemeinde gab es aber eine starke fortschrittliche Fraktion. Sie setzte unter anderem durch, dass neben dem Rabbiner noch ein Religionslehrer eingestellt wurde. Nachdem Abraham Adler wegen seines Engagements in der Revolution 1848/1849 seitens der Regierung des Großherzogtums Hessen 1850 Berufsverbot erhielt, folgte ihm Lewysohn 1851 bis 1859 in der Stellung als Lehrer. Seine Aufgabe war es, sowohl innergemeindlich als auch an öffentlichen Schulen jüdischen Religionsunterricht zu erteilen. Dabei scheint sein Verhältnis zum Rabbiner ganz entspannt gewesen zu sein. Er sah sich gegenüber Rabbiner Bamberger in einer „formal coordinierten, doch factisch subordinieten“[5] Stellung. Rabbiner Bamberger unterstützte ihn zum Beispiel bei seinen historischen Forschungen.[6] 1853 erteilte er wöchentlich 16 Unterrichtsstunden an fünf unterschiedlichen Schulen, Gymnasium, Volksschule, drei privaten Schulen. Weiter erteilte er Konfirmationsunterricht. In den ersten beiden Jahren predigte er im Synagogengottedienst und bei Kasualien etwa 70 Mal.[7] Er machte auch Vorschläge, das Gemeindearchiv zu ordnen.[8]

1859 folgte Lewysohn einem Ruf als Rabbiner zur jüdischen Gemeinde in Stockholm. Nach eineinhalb Jahren beherrschte er Schwedisch so gut, dass er in dieser Sprache predigen konnte.[9] Er übte das Amt bis 1883 aus.[10]

Historische Forschung
In Worms war Lewysohn der erste, der sich wissenschaftlich mit dem seit dem 11. Jahrhundert bestehenden jüdischen Friedhof, dem „Heiligen Sand“, befasste.[11] Er publizierte 60 Grabinschriften[12] – wobei ihm allerdings bei der vermeintlich ältesten Inschrift ein Fehler unterlief und er sie viel zu alt datierte.

→ Hauptartikel: Grabstein der Sagira bat Shmuel
Eine weitere historische Forschungsarbeit befasste sich mit der „Zoologie des Talmuds“. Alexander von Humboldt äußerte sich sehr lobend über das Werk.[13]

Familie
Ludwig Lewysohn war zwei Mal verheiratet. Seine erste Frau starb 1852. 1854 heiratete er erneut. Seine zweite Frau war Philippine Bär aus Frankfurt am Main.

Literatur
Zu Lewysohn
nach Autoren/Herausgebern alphabetisch geordnet

Gunnar Carlquist (Hrsg.): Svensk uppslagsbok. 17. Malmö 1937, S. 88.
Fritz Reuter: Warmaisa: 1000 Jahre Juden in Worms. 3. Auflage. Eigenverlag, Worms 2009. ISBN 978-3-8391-0201-5
Samson Rothschild: Beamte der Wormser jüdischen Gemeinde (Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts bis zur Gegenwart). Kauffmann, Frankfurt 1920.
William Zeitlin: Bibliotheca Hebraica Post-Mendelssohniana. 1, S. 209.
Von Lewysohn
nach Erscheinungsjahr geordnet

De Sacrificiis Veteris Testamenti. Diss. Halle 1847.
“Gottesdientlicher Vortrag gehalten am hohen Geburtsfeste Sr. Kön. Hoheit Ludwig III., Großherzogs von Hessen und bei Rhein den 9ten Juni 1852 in der Synagoge zu Worms und auf Verlangen herausgegeben”. Kranzbühler, Worms 1852?
Ludwig Lewysohn: Nafshot tsadiḳim: Sechzig Epitaphien von Grabsteinen des israelitischen Friedhofes zu Worms, regressiv bis zum Jahre 905 übl[icher] Zeitr[echnung], nebst biographischen Skizzen und einem Anhang. Baer, Frankfurt am Main 1855. (Online. Abgerufen am 11. Januar 2018).
Religions-Vortrag meiner Confirmanden bei der Confirmationsfeier. Boeninger, Worms 1856.
Ludwig Lewysohn: Eine Gelehrtenfamilie aus dem 11. und 12. Jahrhundert. In: Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums. 1856 (Heft 11) S. 421.
Die Zoologie des Talmuds. Frankfurt am Main 1858.
Die Erden- und Himmelsfeier: Trauerrede gehalten am Beisetzungstage der seligen Frau Hanna Isaak Marcus, geb. Hirsch. Isaak Marcus, Stockholm 1859.
Warum trauert das Vaterland? Eine Predigt, gehalten bei dem Trauergottesdienste am 14. August 1859 wegen Ablebens Sr. Maj. des hochseligen Königs Oscar I. gesegneten Andenkens. Isaak Marcus, Stockholm 1859.
Ihr Andenken zum Segen. Trauerrede, gehalten an der Bahre der selig verstorbenen Frau Betty Salomonsson, geb. Hirsch, am 7. Januar 1861. Isaak Marcus, Stockholm 1861.
Predikan, hållen i Stockholms synagoga på 50:de årsdagen af Sveriges och Norges förening, den 4 november 1864 / af Ludwig Lewysohn. Isaac Marcus, Stockholm 1864.
Farväl: minnesord, talade vid grosshandlaren Siegmund Friedländer’s graf, den 12 juli 1865. Isaak Marcus, Stockholm 1865.
Sabbats- och festpredikningar, hållna i Stockholms synagoga. 1864.
Liktal vid rektorn och sekreteraren Lipman Lipmanson’s jordfästning i Stockholm den 4 october 1867. Stockholm 1867.
Föredrag, hållet i Stockholms synagoga söndagen den 4 maj 1879. Isaac Marcus, Stockholm 1879.
Liktal vid fru Regina Lamm’s jordfästning i Stockholm den 17 juni 1895. Stockholm 1895
Zahlreiche Zeitschriftenaufsätze, unter anderem in “Ha-Maggid”.
Einzelnachweise
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 25.
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 31.
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 25.
Reuter: Warmaisa. 1000 Jahre, S. 146, 161.
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 28.
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 26.
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 26f.
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 31.
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 29.
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 30.
Reuter: Warmaisa. 1000 Jahre, S. 162; Rothschild: Beamte, S. 25f.
Lewysohn: Nafshot tsadiḳim.
Rothschild: Beamte, S. 29f.

ChatGPT German Translated:

Ludwig Lewysohn (* April 15, 1819 in Schwersenz[1], Posen Province, Kingdom of Prussia; † March 26, 1901 in Stockholm[2]) was a German rabbi and historian.

Origin and Education
Ludwig Lewysohn was born in Schwersenz in the Province of Posen in Prussia. After training with various rabbis, he completed his high school diploma at a gymnasium in Breslau in 1842, which enabled him to attend university. He studied at the University of Halle, where in 1847 he earned a PhD in Philosophy with his thesis “On Sacrifice in the Old Testament.”

Professional Career
In 1848, the Jewish community in Frankfurt an der Oder elected him as rabbi, and in 1851, the Jewish community in Worms appointed him as preacher.[3] His move to Worms on October 1, 1851, placed him in a difficult situation: from 1824 to 1864, the conservative Jakob (Koppel) Bamberger served as rabbi in the community, representing its conservative faction.[4] However, there was a strong progressive faction in the community. Among other things, they insisted on hiring a religious teacher alongside the rabbi. After Abraham Adler was banned from his profession by the government of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1850 due to his involvement in the 1848/1849 revolution, Lewysohn followed him from 1851 to 1859 in the position of teacher. His task was to provide Jewish religious instruction both within the community and in public schools. His relationship with the rabbi seems to have been quite relaxed. He found himself in a “formally coordinated, but factually subordinate” position to Rabbi Bamberger. For example, Rabbi Bamberger supported him in his historical research.[6] In 1853, he taught 16 class hours weekly at five different schools: a gymnasium, an elementary school, and three private schools. He also provided confirmation classes. In the first two years, he preached in the synagogue service and at ceremonial occasions about 70 times.[7] He also made suggestions for organizing the community archive.[8]

In 1859, Lewysohn accepted a call as rabbi to the Jewish community in Stockholm. After a year and a half, he mastered Swedish so well that he could preach in this language.[9] He served in this position until 1883.[10]

Historical Research
In Worms, Lewysohn was the first to scientifically study the Jewish cemetery, the “Holy Sand,” which had existed since the 11th century.[11] He published 60 epitaphs[12] – though he made a mistake in dating the supposedly oldest inscription, dating it much too early.

→ Main article: Gravestone of Sagira bat Shmuel
Another historical research work dealt with the “Zoology of the Talmud.” Alexander von Humboldt spoke very highly of this work.[13]

Family
Ludwig Lewysohn was married twice. His first wife died in 1852. In 1854, he remarried. His second wife was Philippine Bär from Frankfurt am Main.

Literature
Regarding Lewysohn, sorted alphabetically by authors/editors

Gunnar Carlquist (Ed.): Svensk uppslagsbok. 17. Malmö 1937, p. 88.
Fritz Reuter: Warmaisa: 1000 Years of Jews in Worms. 3rd edition. Self-published, Worms 2009. ISBN 978-3-8391-0201-5
Samson Rothschild: Officials of the Jewish Community in Worms (Mid-18th Century to the Present). Kauffmann, Frankfurt 1920.
William Zeitlin: Bibliotheca Hebraica Post-Mendelssohniana. 1, p. 209.
By Lewysohn, sorted by year of publication

De Sacrificiis Veteris Testamenti. Diss. Halle 1847.
“Religious Lecture held on the high birthday of His Royal Highness Ludwig III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine on June 9, 1852 in the Synagogue of Worms and published at the request”. Kranzbühler, Worms 1852?
Ludwig Lewysohn: Nafshot tsadiḳim: Sixty Epitaphs from Gravestones of the Israelite Cemetery in Worms, regressive up to the year 905 according to the common era, with biographical sketches and an appendix. Baer, Frankfurt am Main 1855. (Online. Retrieved on January 11, 2018).
Religious Lecture of my Confirmands at the Confirmation Ceremony. Boeninger, Worms 1856.
Ludwig Lewysohn: A Scholarly Family from the 11th and 12th Centuries. In: Monthly Journal for the History and Science of Judaism. 1856 (Issue 11) p. 421.
The Zoology of the Talmud. Frankfurt am Main 1858.
The Earthly and Heavenly Celebration: Funeral Oration held on the day of the burial of the blessed Frau Hanna Isaak Marcus, née Hirsch. Isaak Marcus, Stockholm 1859.
Why Does the Fatherland Mourn? A Sermon delivered at the mourning service on August 14, 1859, for the deceased His Majesty the blessed King Oscar I. Isaac Marcus, Stockholm 1859.
Their Memory for Blessing. Funeral Oration, delivered at the bier of the blessed deceased Frau Betty Salomonsson, née Hirsch, on January 7, 1861. Isaak Marcus, Stockholm 1861.
Sermon, held in the Stockholm synagogue on the 50th anniversary of the Union of Sweden and Norway, November 4, 1864 / by Ludwig Lewysohn. Isaac Marcus, Stockholm 1864.
Farewell: Memorial, spoken at the grave of the merchant Siegmund Friedländer, on July 12, 1865. Isaak Marcus, Stockholm 1865.
Sabbath and Festival Sermons, delivered in the Stockholm synagogue. 1864.
Funeral Oration at the burial of the principal and secretary Lipman Lipmanson in Stockholm on October 4, 1867. Stockholm 1867.
Lecture delivered in the Stockholm synagogue on Sunday, May 4, 1879. Isaac Marcus, Stockholm 1879.
Funeral Oration at the burial of Mrs. Regina Lamm in Stockholm on June 17, 1895. Stockholm 1895
Numerous journal articles, including in “Ha-Maggid.”
References
Rothschild: Officials, p. 25.
Rothschild: Officials, p. 31.
Rothschild: Officials, p. 25.
Reuter: Warmaisa. 1000 Years, p. 146, 161.
Rothschild: Officials, p. 28.
Rothschild: Officials, p. 26.
Rothschild: Officials, p. 26f.
Rothschild: Officials, p. 31.
Rothschild: Officials, p. 29.
Rothschild: Officials, p. 30.
Reuter: Warmaisa. 1000 Years, p. 162; Rothschild: Officials, p. 25f.
Lewysohn: Nafshot tsadiḳim.
Rothschild: Officials, p. 29f.


Wikipedia Poland https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Lewysohn

Dr Ludwig Lewysohn (ur. 15 kwietnia 1819 w Swarzędzu, zm. 26 marca 1901 w Sztokholmie, Szwecja) – w latach 1848-1851 rabin Frankfurtu nad Odrą, następnie 1859 rabin Sztokholmu.

Syn Josefa Israela Heleviego i Jette Wiener, która wychowała się w miejscowości Skoki koło Poznania.

Uczył się u boku swojego starszego brata Abrahama Lewysohna (1805-1860) w Pyskowicach na Górnym Śląsku, a następnie w jesziwach Menachema Auerbacha i Eliasa Guttmachera w Pleszewie. W 1842 r. udał się na dalszą edukację do gimnazjum we Wrocławiu. 30 marca 1843 r. ukończył maturę w Berlinie. 3 maja 1843 r. został immatrykulowany na uniwersytecie, gdzie pobierał nauki przez 8 semestrów. 30 listopada 1847 uzyskał promocję na uniwersytecie w Halle.

Poślubił Rosalie Zendig (1826-1852). Po tym jak wcześnie owdowiał, w 1853 ożenił się ponownie, poślubiając Philippine Baer (1817-1894), córkę frankfurckiego księgarza Josepha Baera.

W 1859 został rabinem Sztokholmu, a w 1883 przeszedł na emeryturę.

Bibliografia
Eckard Reiß, Magdalena Abraham-Diefenbach (red.): Makom tow – dobre miejsce. O cmentarzu żydowskim w Słubicach i Frankfurcie nad Odrą, Vergangenheits Verlag, Berlin 2012.
Linki zewnętrzne
Dr Ludwig Lewysohn w bazie Steinheim-Institut

ChatGPT Polish Translated:

Dr. Ludwig Lewysohn (born April 15, 1819 in Swarzędz, died March 26, 1901 in Stockholm, Sweden) was a rabbi in Frankfurt an der Oder from 1848 to 1851, and later became the rabbi of Stockholm in 1859.

He was the son of Josef Israel Helevi and Jette Wiener, who grew up in the town of Skoki near Poznań.

He studied alongside his older brother Abraham Lewysohn (1805-1860) in Pyskowice in Upper Silesia, and then in the yeshivas of Menachem Auerbach and Elias Guttmacher in Pleszew. In 1842, he continued his education at a gymnasium in Wrocław. On March 30, 1843, he passed his high school graduation exam in Berlin. On May 3, 1843, he was enrolled at the university, where he studied for 8 semesters. On November 30, 1847, he obtained his doctorate at the University of Halle.

He married Rosalie Zendig (1826-1852). After her early death, he remarried in 1853, marrying Philippine Baer (1817-1894), the daughter of the Frankfurt bookseller Joseph Baer.

In 1859, he became the rabbi of Stockholm, retiring in 1883.

Bibliography
Eckard Reiß, Magdalena Abraham-Diefenbach (eds.): Makom tow – dobre miejsce. O cmentarzu żydowskim w Słubicach i Frankfurcie nad Odrą, Vergangenheits Verlag, Berlin 2012.

External links
Dr. Ludwig Lewysohn in the Steinheim Institute database


Wikipedia Sweden: https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Lewysohn

Ludwig Lewysohn, född de 15 april 1819 i Schwersenz i provinsen Posen, död den 26 mars 1901 i Stockholm,[1] var en tysk-svensk rabbin.

Lewysohn blev filosofie doktor i Halle 1847. Han verkade efter föregående anställningar i Frankfurt an der Oder och Worms som rabbin i Stockholm 1859-83.

Lewysohn utgav bland annat Die Zoologie des Talmuds (1858) och Sabbats- och festpredikningar, hållna i Stockholms synagoga (1864).

Bibliografi
Predikan, hållen i Stockholms synagoga på 50:de årsdagen af Sveriges och Norges förening, den 4 november 1864. Stockholm: Isaac Marcust. 1864. Libris s9rvbc31q1f7q159
Källor
Carlquist, Gunnar, red (1937). Svensk uppslagsbok. Bd 17. Malmö: Svensk Uppslagsbok AB. sid. 88
Noter
^ Lewysohn, Ludvig i Herman Hofberg, Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon (andra upplagan, 1906)

ChatGPT Swedish Translated:

Ludwig Lewysohn, born on April 15, 1819 in Schwersenz in the province of Posen, died on March 26, 1901 in Stockholm, was a German-Swedish rabbi.

Lewysohn obtained his PhD in Philosophy in Halle in 1847. After previous positions in Frankfurt an der Oder and Worms, he served as a rabbi in Stockholm from 1859 to 1883.

Lewysohn published, among other works, “The Zoology of the Talmud” (1858) and “Sabbath and Festival Sermons, delivered in the Stockholm synagogue” (1864).

Bibliography
Sermon, held in the Stockholm synagogue on the 50th anniversary of the Union of Sweden and Norway, November 4, 1864. Stockholm: Isaac Marcust. 1864. Libris s9rvbc31q1f7q159

Sources
Carlquist, Gunnar, ed. (1937). Svensk uppslagsbok. Vol. 17. Malmö: Svensk Uppslagsbok AB. p. 88

Notes
^ Lewysohn, Ludvig in Herman Hofberg, Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon (second edition, 1906)


Wikipedia Hebrew https://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%9C%D7%95%D7%93%D7%95%D7%95%D7%99%D7%92_%D7%9C%D7%95%D7%95%D7%99%D7%96%D7%95%D7%9F

לודוויג לוויזון

ד”ר לודוויג לוויזון (Ludwig Lewysohn;‏ 15 באפריל 1819, שוורזנץ, הדוכסות הגדולה של פוזנן – סטוקהולם, 26 במאי 1901) היה רב גרמני.

נולד בעיר שְׁוֶורְזֶנְץ (Schwersenz; כיום Swarzędz בפולין) שבדוכסות הגדולה של פוזנן. למד בגימנסיה הריאלית (Realgymnasium) בברלין, ולאחר שהשלים את לימודיו ב-1843, המשיך ללימודי מזרחנות בעיר, וקיבל את תואר הדוקטור מאוניברסיטת האלה בשנת 1847 על עבודתו בשם “De Sacrificiis Veteris Testamenti”. בשנת 1848 התמנה לרב בפרנקפורט דאודר. שלוש שנים מאוחר יותר נקרא לכהן כרבה של העיר וורמס, שם נשא במשרה זו עד שנת 1858. לאחר מכן הוא הוזמן לסטוקהולם, שם עבד בשנים 1859–1893. מלבד מאמריו הרבים שפורסמו בכתבי העת היהודיים (במיוחד ב”המגיד”), פרסם לוויזון ספר בשם “נפשות צדיקים” (פרנקפורט דמיין, 1855), על האפיטפים בבית הקברות העתיק של העיר וורמס (בית העלמין היהודי העתיק בוורמס (גר’)), וספר בשם “זואולוגיה של התלמוד” (Zoologie des Talmuds,‏ (1858).

קישורים חיצוניים
ויקישיתוף מדיה וקבצים בנושא לודוויג לוויזון בוויקישיתוף
איזידור זינגר, משה ליב במברגר, לודוויג לוויזון, במהדורת 1901–1906 של האנציקלופדיה היהודית (באנגלית)
ספרו
נפשות צדיקים, פרנקפורט דמיין תרט”ו, באתר היברובוקס
ארכיון אוסף לודוויג לויזון, בספרייה הלאומית
לודוויג לוויזון (1819-1901), דף שער בספרייה הלאומית
בקרת זהויות עריכת הנתון בוויקינתונים
NLI: 987007264517605171GND: 1222442221ICCU: RMLV073580ISNI: 0000 0000 6699 3667LCCN: n86042673NTA: 29736698XRERO: 02-A010925322SUDOC: 111316081VIAF: 58094226WorldCat: lccn-n86042673

ChatGPT Hebrew Translated:

Ludwig Lewysohn

Dr. Ludwig Lewysohn (Ludwig Lewysohn; April 15, 1819, Schwersenz, Grand Duchy of Posen – Stockholm, May 26, 1901) was a German rabbi.

He was born in the city of Schwersenz (Schwersenz; now Swarzędz in Poland) in the Grand Duchy of Posen. He studied at the Realgymnasium (Royal Gymnasium) in Berlin, and after completing his studies in 1843, he continued his studies in Oriental studies in the city, and received his doctorate from the University of Halle in 1847 for his work entitled “De Sacrificiis Veteris Testamenti”. In 1848, he was appointed rabbi in Frankfurt an der Oder. Three years later, he was called to serve as the rabbi of the city of Worms, where he served in this position until 1858. He was then invited to Stockholm, where he served from 1859 to 1893. In addition to his numerous articles published in Jewish periodicals (especially in “Ha-Maggid”), Lewysohn published a book entitled “Nafshot Tsadikim” (Frankfurt am Main, 1855), about the epitaphs in the ancient cemetery of the city of Worms (the Old Jewish Cemetery in Worms), and a book entitled “Zoologie des Talmuds” (1858).

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ludwig Lewysohn.
Isidore Singer, Moses Löb Bamberger, Ludwig Lewysohn, in the 1901–1906 edition of the Jewish Encyclopedia (in English)
His book
Nafshot Tsadikim, Frankfurt am Main 5656, on the HebrewBooks website
Archive of the Ludwig Lewysohn Collection, at the National Library
Ludwig Lewysohn (1819-1901), cover page at the National Library
Control of authorities editing the data in Wikidata
NLI: 987007264517605171
GND: 1222442221
ICCU: RMLV073580
ISNI: 0000 0000 6699 3667
LCCN: n86042673
NTA: 29736698
XRERO: 02-A010925322
SUDOC: 111316081
VIAF: 58094226
WorldCat: lccn-n86042673


Steinheim Institute https://web.archive.org/web/20210709185232/http://www.steinheim-institut.de:50580/cgi-bin/bhr?id=1104

Geb. 15. Apr. 1819 in Swarzêdz (Schwersenz), Prov. Posen, Gest. 26. März 1901 in Stockholm Sohn des Privatiers Josef Israel Halevi und der Jette Wiener, aufgewachsen in Skoki (Schocken) bei Posen lernte bei seinem Bruder Abraham L. in Pyskowice (Peiskretscham), Oberschlesien, und an den Jeschiwot von Menachem Auerbach und Elias Guttmacher in Pleszew (Pleschen). 1842 an das Matthiasgymnasium in Breslau, nach weiterer privater Vorbereitung 30. März 1843 Abitur am Köllnischen Gymnasium in Berlin, 3. Mai 1843 imm. an der Universität das. und acht Semester Studium, 30. Nov. 1847 prom. Halle, 1848 Prediger in Frankfurt/O. und Heirat mit Rosalie Zendig (1826-1852) aus Œmigiel (Schmiegel) in der Prov. Posen. 1. Okt. 1851 Prediger in Worms. Nach seiner frühen Verwitwung schloß L. 1853 seine zweite Ehe mit Philippine Baer (1817-1894), Tochter des Frankfurter Buchhändlers Joseph B. Bewerber in Göteborg (1857), 1859 Rb. in Stockholm führt die Predigt in schwedischer Sprache ein. 1883 in den Ruhestand.
Dissertation
De sacrificiis veteris Testamenti, Diss. Halle 1847.
Dokumente
UA Halle, Phil. Fak. II Nr. 67 (unfoliiert), Promotionsakten StadtA Worms, Standesregister, Geburten 1852, 1854, 1856, 1857, Sterbefälle 1852 CAHJP Jerusalem, P 40, Nr. 240, biograph. Materialsammlung von Arthur Posner.
Manuskripte
Jerusalem CAHJP RP 38, Inv. 1297 Nachlaß 1843-1872, enthält Urkunden aus Worms und Stockholm, private Korrespondenz insbes. mit seinem Bruder Salomon (geb. 1811, Lehrer in Posen) und „Pinchen“, d. i. seiner zweiten Ehefrau Philippine, letztere mit Kontroversen über Haushaltsausgaben („es bleibt immer ein bewährter Satz, daß Gelehrte nicht rechnen können“) und gemeinsamem Schmieden der Karriere: „Du hast mir nicht geschrieben, ob Du mit Dr. Frankel über Mannheimer’s Stelle etwas gesprochen hast! Ich hatte Dich deshalb angefragt! Darf man gegen seine Frau so geheimnißvoll sein?“- Einige Urkunden, Briefe u. ä. aus dem Nachlaß befinden sich auch im Jüd. Museum Worms, Kopien im StadtA Worms, 203/32; darunter Briefe Alexanders v. Humboldt an L., 7. Juni u. 25. Juli 1858.
Publikationen
Mitarbeiter der Zschr. Der Orient (1849-50) Gottesdienstlicher Vortrag, gehalten am hohen Geburtsfeste Sr. Kön. Hoheit Ludwig III., Großherzogs von Hessen und bei Rhein, Worms 1852 Nafšoth S. addiqim. Sechzig Epitaphien von Grabsteinen des isr. Friedhofs zu Worms, Fft./ M. 1855 (endend S. 83 mit dem selbstverfaßten Epitaph für seine erste Frau) Religionsvortrag meiner Confirmanden bei der Confirmationsfeier, Worms 1856 Die Heimkehr. Trauerrede, gehalten am Grabe des selig verstorbenen Dr. Jacob Abraham Adler, weiland isr. Predigers zu Worms, Worms 1856 Die Zoologie des Talmuds. Eine umfassende Darstellung der rabbinischen Zoologie unter steter Vergleichung der Forschungen älterer und neuerer Schriftsteller, Fft./M. 1858 Der Heimgang zum ewigen Sabbath, Leichenrede, Gliwice (Gleiwitz) 1859 Warum trauert das Vaterland? Eine Predigt, gehalten bei dem Trauergottesdienste wegen Ablebens Sr. Majestät des hochseligen Königs Oscar I., Stockholm 1859 Das Leben geliehen. Trauerrede, gehalten am Grabe der seligen Frau Bernhardina Davidson, 1859 Die Erden- und die Himmelsfeier. Trauerrede gehalten am Beisetzungstage der seligen Frau Hanna Marcus, geb. Hirsch, 1859 Ihr Andenken zum Segen. Trauerrede, gehalten an der Bahre der selig verstorbenen Frau Betty Salomonsson geb. Hirsch, 1861 „Kaiserliches Schreiben Betreffs der Belästigungen der Wormser Juden durch Einquartierungen“, JGJJ 2 (1861), S. 377-379 Ein würdiges Lebensbild. Trauerrede, gehalten an der Bahre des selig verstorbenen Herrn Axel Israel Salomonson, 1863 Predikan, hållen i Stockholms synagoga på 50de årsdagen af Sveriges och Norges förening, 1864.Farväl! Minnesord, talade vid grosshandlaren Siegmund Friedländer’s grav, 1865 Minnestal vid Albert Jacobsson’s jordfästning, 1865 Gutachten ausländischer Rabbinen, S. 45-47, gegen die ungarische Trennungsorthodoxie Weitere Predigten in dt. und schwedischer Sprache, sowie ca. 500 Beiträge zu Zeitschriften (insbes. Ha-Maggid), Jahrbüchern und Lexika. Werkausgabe. Sabbat- och festpredikningar, hållna i Stockholms synagoga, Stockholm 1864, 160 S.
Bildmaterialien
JNUL Jerusalem, Schwadron Collection (Bildnis).
Literatur
Berufung nach Stockholm; AZJ 1858, S. 701; 1859, S. 49 Ablehnung eines Rufs nach Baltimore; AZJ 1859, S. 436, 668 Lippe 1879/81, S. 284-286 Reines, Dor waH. achamaw, S. 123- 132 Zeitlin, Bibliotheca, S. 209 Kayserling, „Jüdische Literatur“, S. 769, 823, 850, 855, 867 Israelit vom 2. Dez. 1897, S. 1807 Nachruf AZJ vom 5. April 1901 JE VIII 70, mit Todesdatum 26. Mai 1901 Rothschild, Beamte, S. 25-31 Heppner und Herzberg, S. 980 Schwab, Répertoire, S. 286ff Zeitlin, in Qiryath Sefär I (1924), S. 209 Wininger IV 96; mit Todesdatum 26. Feb. 1901 EJ dt. X 932f Kurt Wilhelm in Historia Judaica 15 (1953), S. 49-58 Arnsberg, Hessen, Bd. II, S. 425, 440 EJ eng. XI 143f Reuter, Warmaisa, S. 162, er hatte unter Rb. Bamberger eine „factisch subordinierte Stellung“ Wilke, Den Talmud und den Kant, S. 618, 621.
Hinweis zur Erstveröffentlichung
Das Biographische Handbuch der Rabbiner ist 2007-2009 im Verlag K. G. Saur, Imprint der Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG, erschienen.

ChatGPT German Translated:

Born on April 15, 1819 in Swarzêdz (Schwersenz), Province of Posen, passed away on March 26, 1901 in Stockholm. Son of the privateer Josef Israel Halevi and Jette Wiener, he grew up in Skoki (Schocken) near Posen, and studied under his brother Abraham L. in Pyskowice (Peiskretscham), Upper Silesia, and at the yeshivas of Menachem Auerbach and Elias Guttmacher in Pleszew (Pleschen). In 1842, he attended the Matthias Gymnasium in Breslau, and after further private preparation, he graduated from the Köllnische Gymnasium in Berlin on March 30, 1843. He enrolled at the university there on May 3, 1843, and studied for eight semesters, receiving his doctorate from the University of Halle on November 30, 1847. In 1848, he became a preacher in Frankfurt/O., and married Rosalie Zendig (1826-1852) from Œmigiel (Schmiegel) in the Province of Posen. On October 1, 1851, he became a preacher in Worms. After his early widowhood, L. married Philippine Baer (1817-1894), daughter of the Frankfurt bookseller Joseph B., in 1853. He applied in Gothenburg (1857) and became the rabbi in Stockholm in 1859, introducing sermons in Swedish. He retired in 1883.

Dissertation
“De sacrificiis veteris Testamenti,” Dissertation, Halle, 1847.

Documents
University Archives Halle, Phil. Fac. II No. 67 (unnumbered), Promotion Records; Worms City Archives, Civil Registry, Births 1852, 1854, 1856, 1857, Deaths 1852; CAHJP Jerusalem, P 40, No. 240, Biographical Collection by Arthur Posner.

Manuscripts
Jerusalem CAHJP RP 38, Inv. 1297 Estate 1843-1872, contains documents from Worms and Stockholm, private correspondence especially with his brother Salomon (born 1811, teacher in Posen) and “Pinchen,” i.e., his second wife, Philippine, the latter with controversies over household expenses (“it always remains a proven fact that scholars cannot count”) and forging their careers together: “You did not write to me whether you spoke with Dr. Frankel about Mannheimer’s position! I asked you about it! Is it permissible to be so secretive from one’s wife?” – Some documents, letters, and similar items from the estate are also in the Jewish Museum Worms, copies in the City Archives Worms, 203/32; including letters from Alexander von Humboldt to L., June 7 and July 25, 1858.

Publications
Contributor to the journal Der Orient (1849-50); Sermon held on the high birthday of His Royal Highness Ludwig III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, Worms, 1852; Nafšoth S. addiqim. Sixty epitaphs from tombstones of the Jewish cemetery in Worms, Frankfurt/Main, 1855 (ending on p. 83 with the self-written epitaph for his first wife); Religious lecture of my confirmands at the confirmation ceremony, Worms, 1856; The Homecoming. Eulogy held at the grave of the late Dr. Jacob Abraham Adler, former Jewish preacher in Worms, Worms, 1856; The Zoology of the Talmud. A comprehensive presentation of rabbinic zoology with constant comparison of the research of older and newer writers, Frankfurt/Main, 1858; The Departure to the Eternal Sabbath, Funeral Speech, Gliwice (Gleiwitz), 1859; Why does the Fatherland mourn? A sermon held at the mourning service for the late King Oscar I, Stockholm, 1859; Life Loaned. Funeral speech held at the grave of the blessed Mrs. Bernhardina Davidson, 1859; The Earth and the Heaven Celebration. Funeral speech held on the day of the burial of the blessed Mrs. Hanna Marcus, née Hirsch, 1859; Their Memory for Blessing. Funeral speech held at the bier of the blessed Mrs. Betty Salomonsson, née Hirsch, 1861; “Imperial letter concerning the harassment of the Jews of Worms by billeting,” JGJJ 2 (1861), pp. 377-379; A Worthy Life Portrait. Funeral speech held at the bier of the late Mr. Axel Israel Salomonson, 1863; Sermon, held in the Stockholm synagogue on the 50th anniversary of the Union of Sweden and Norway, 1864. Farewell! Memorial words, spoken at the grave of the wholesale merchant Siegmund Friedländer, 1865; Memorial speech at the burial of Albert Jacobsson, 1865; Opinions of foreign rabbis, pp. 45-47, against Hungarian separation orthodoxy; Additional sermons in German and Swedish, as well as approximately 500 contributions to journals (especially Ha-Maggid), yearbooks, and lexicons.

Selected Works:
Sabbat- och festpredikningar, hållna i Stockholms synagoga, Stockholm, 1864, 160 pp.

Image Materials:
Jewish National and University Library Jerusalem, Schwadron Collection (portrait).

Literature:
Appointment to Stockholm; AZJ 1858, p. 701; 1859, p. 49 Rejection of a call to Baltimore; AZJ 1859, pp. 436, 668 Lippe 1879/81, pp. 284-286 Reines, Dor waH. achamaw, pp. 123-132 Zeitlin, Bibliotheca, p. 209 Kayserling, “Jüdische Literatur”, pp. 769, 823, 850, 855, 867 Israelite of December 2, 1897, p. 1807 Obituary AZJ dated April 5, 1901 JE VIII 70, with the date of death May 26, 1901 Rothschild, Officials, pp. 25-31 Heppner and Herzberg, p. 980 Schwab, Répertoire, pp. 286ff Zeitlin, in Qiryath Sefär I (1924), p. 209 Wininger IV 96; with the date of death February 26, 1901 EJ German X 932f Kurt Wilhelm in Historia Judaica 15 (1953), pp. 49-58 Arnsberg, Hessen, Vol. II, pp. 425, 440 EJ English XI 143f Reuter, Warmaisa, p. 162, he had a “factually subordinate position” under Rabbi Bamberger Wilke, Den Talmud und den Kant, pp. 618, 621.

Note on First Publication:
The Biographical Handbook of Rabbis was published from 2007-2009 by K. G. Saur, an imprint of Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG.


Jewish Encyclopedia https://jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/9936-lewysohn-ludwig

LEWYSOHN, LUDWIG:
By: Isidore Singer, Moses Löb Bamberger
German rabbi; born April 15, 1819, at Schwersenz, Posen; died at Stockholm May 26, 1901. Graduating from the Realgymnasium, Berlin, in 1843, he studied Orientalia in that city, and received his doctor’s degree from the University of Halle in 1847, his dissertation being “De Sacrificiis Veteris Testamenti.” In 1848 he became preacher at Frankfort-on-the-Oder. Three years later he was called as rabbi to Worms, where he officiated until 1858. He then accepted a call to Stockholm, where he labored from 1859 to 1893, in which year he resigned. Besides numerous contributions to Jewish periodicals (especially “Ha-Maggid”), he published “Nafshot Ẓaddiḳim” (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1855), on the epitaphs at Worms, and “Zoologie des Talmuds” (ib. 1858).

Bibliography:
Reines, Tableaux Historiques, i. 123 et seq.;
Zeitlin, Ḳiryat Sefer, i. 209.


 



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